- by Gersi Mirashi
- February 14, 2023
Recognition and evaluation of specific physiotherapeutic techniques in the conservative treatment of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. A literature review
By, Rezarta STENA, Msc. Klara HYSENAJ, Msc. Armelda TETA, Msc. Esida HOXHA, Msc.
Introduction: Scoliosis is a lateral deformation of the spine in the shape of the letter “S” or “C”, which can be located in different segments of it. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form encountered in 80% of scoliosis cases. Its nature or cause is not exactly known, so the classification is related to the age at which the deformity is detected. Purpose: Recognition and application of some specific physiotherapeutic methods as part of the international treatment of scoliosis which physiotherapists should include in their practices to improve the conservative management of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis in Albania. Methodology: The study presents a theoretical-scientific overview, based on evidence. The search in the database PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and guidelines of physiotherapy evidence included the period 2016-2022, using the keywords: ‘scoliosis’, ‘physiotherapy’, ‘Schroth technique’, and ‘Lion method’. Articles that were not in the English language were excluded. The basis for data processing for this study was 8 articles, which met all the criteria. Results: Specific physiotherapeutic methods proved to be very efficient in the latest studies by reducing the scoliotic deformity angle (Kob) by 5-10°, improving the posture with symmetry of the scapular and pelvic circumference, increasing the articular amplitudes of the back and improving the functions respiratory. Conclusion: All physiotherapists in Albania should know these methods from a theoretical-practical point of view and include them in their professional practices to improve the conservative management of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis.
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