- by Gersi Mirashi
- January 13, 2023
Odd impact in daily life of children 4-6 years old
by, Dr. Dorina XHANI, Dr. Brunilda HOXHAJ
Oppositional Defiant Behavioral (ODD) deals problems controlling emotions and behaviors. According to the Diagnostic Manual (DSM-V), the main characteristics of ODD are the persistence of irritated/angry moods, hostile and defiant behavior, and revenge against others. The prevalence of oppressive defiant disorder ranges from 1% to 11% (American Psychiatric Association, 2013), and uncooperative, opposing, and hostile behaviors toward parents, teachers, other authoritarian figures, and their peers. The article is compiled by collecting data from the literature about the specifics of this disorder. In this way, detailed information is provided about the history, diagnostic criteria, various causes that may affect the occurrence of this disorder, as well as information about various therapeutic interventions and how they affect this disorder. This paper was developed through a qualitative method, specifically with a case study, where a deliberate sample was selected, which meets the three pre-established criteria: to have been diagnosed with the oppressive defiant disorder; be around the age of 4-6 years; as well as pursue therapeutic interventions based on the behavioral approach. The paper raises two research questions regarding the impact of this disorder on the daily life of a 4-year-old and the impact that therapeutic intervention with a behavioral approach has on improving this daily life. The study was conducted through information obtained about the case through the method of triangulation of resources (parents, therapist, educator), as well as from direct activity environments. High number psychosocial and biological risk factors have been identified to influence the occurrence of this disorder. Studies have also been conducted on the best ways to intervene and treat this disorder, where behavioral approaches were noted to be amongst the most used interventions.