- by Gersi Mirashi
- May 31, 2023
Education on Early Parent-Child Relationship and Substance Use Disorder in Adulthood
by. Mariela EMIRI (MSc), Brunilda HOXHAJ (PhD)
Over the years studies have shown that early experiences have a significant impact on a child’s subsequent cognitive, emotional, and social development, affecting individual health in adulthood. In addition, it is believed that there is a link between the early parent-child relationship and the externalization of maladaptive behaviours later. This might be manifested in high-risk behaviours in adolescence and adulthood including drug addiction. This study was conducted to better understand the early parent-child relationships among heroin addicts. To explore this, 30 subjects (4 females and 26 males) that are receiving methadone maintenance treatment at the Action Plus Center in Tirana were selected. Qualitative research was conducted through personal interviews and self-report questionnaires. Findings show that early child-parent relationship in heroin addicts is mostly characterized by a negligent father and a closer relationship with the mother. Results 48 POLIS No. 21, ISSUE 2/ 2022 indicate that the mother figure often appears to be the abusive and critical parent and there is a lack of father figure in the child´s life. Other interesting findings in this study suggest that heroin addicts may be using drugs to fulfill or stay in balance with unmet needs related to lack of parental love and warmth, emotional and psychological support, emotional stability, lack of open communication, low self-esteem, and self-confidence. These findings are relevant cause there is a practical application in substance use disorders treatment.
How to cite: Emiri, M., & Hoxhaj, B. (2022). Education on early parent-child relationship and substance use disorder in adulthood. Polis, 21(2), 47–63.
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